Turkey is a parliamentary democracy and the constitution provides that a democratic, secular, social and law. Its current constitution was adopted on November 7, 1982, after a period of military rule, and is firmly based on the principles of Kemalist secularism. Executive power is vested in a president. The legislature consists of the 550 seats in the Turkish Grand National Assembly (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi), representing 81 provinces and is chosen by the votes of Turkish citizens over 18 years. To have representation in Parliament, a political party must obtain at least 10% of votes in national parliamentary elections. Independent candidates can participate and be elected, and it should only get 10% of the votes in the province for which postulated to be elected. The Turkish military play a political role in the shade, while important, since they are considered the guardians of the secular and unitary nature of the Republic. Political parties judged to be anti-secular or separatist by the judiciary Turco (at the behest of the military) may be banned. The president and prime minister are divided and the executive functions similarly to the French system of government.
Turkey elects national level a head of state, the president and legislature. The Turkish Grand National Assembly (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) has 550 members, elected for a term of five years by proportional representation balanced with the 10% of the total votes. President (Cumhurbaşkan) is elected for a seven-year term by parliament. Turkey has a multiparty system, with several major parties. The president and prime minister are divided and the executive functions similarly to the French system of government. The current President Abdullah Gül, was elected by Parliament on August 28, 2007, after several votes and an absolute majority, and after a fierce controversy that have returned to face the army with the Head of State to be the new president of the Islamic AKP, which even led to early parliamentary elections. The ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) is the party of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, current prime minister. The President of the Parliament is Bülent Arinc, the same party. The Chief of Staff of Turkish military establishment is Yaşar Büyükanıt.